The Social and Environmental Impact Assessment (ESIA)
According to world and European directives international organizations that refer as credit facilities of business activities (for example European Bank for Reconstruction and Development) requires a conduction of environmental and social impact assessment (ESIA) for identifying the levels of impact on environment, biodiversity and human health.
The Social and Environmental Impact Assessment is conducted by the qualified specialists in the field of ecology, management of nature resources and protected areas, economics and sociology. Involving of multidisciplinary specialists into comprehensive analysis of environmental status. The Social and Environmental Impact Assessment process comprises the following stages: screening, scoping, baseline studies, impact prediction and assessment, mitigation, consideration of alternatives, Social and Environmental Management Plan/ Environmental Action Plan for monitoring impacts, Development of Environmental Impact Statement.
In the process of environmental and social impact assessment, the main object of study is the biodiversity. Biodiversity means all types of living organisms on the planet and emphasizing on the preservation and protection against negative anthropogenic impact. In other words, while conducting the ESIA, analysis of natural habitat, level of impact (duration, magnitude, spatial, scale, probability of reappearance) from planned and current activity and possible changes of human living.
On scoping stage to the ESIA process can be involved the representatives of public communities, governmental authorities and environmental organizations for collecting of information on territory under affects, conducting public hearings and discussions.
In accordance to the results of environmental and social impact assessment, experts involved to the evaluating process, develop and implement the impact management system, execute the Environmental Action Plan and assign the responsible persons for its compliance.
The result of process of ESIA is the development of Environmental Impact Statement. Environmental Impact Statement consists of the results of conducted researches, studies, surveys and public hearings to determine the level of impact from planned or current activity, recommendations and alternatives of activity realization for mitigation or prevention of negative impact on biodiversity.
The competency of the specialists of MCL, LLC is conduction of environmental and social impact assessment, required studies and researches, public hearings, development of Social and Environmental Management Plan/ Environmental Action Plan and execution of Environmental Impact Statement. Choosing MCL, LLC for development a project ESIA and environmental and social impact assessment for crediting by world financial organizations, you can get a reliable business partner in the field of ecology, management of nature resources and environment.