Ecological management system ISO 14001
The stimulus for development of first standards of ecological management system was bigger interest of world states to the environmental problems. United Nations implemented the first environmental program in 1972 during the conference in Stockholm. This event led to formation of World Commission for Environment and Design (Brundtland Commission) and to approval Montreal protocol on ozone screen protection and Basel convention on control for waste transportation and disposal. Only in 1992 British organization BSI published the first world standard of ecological management system BS 7750. It is interesting to note, that this standard was developed thanks to initiative of entrepreneurs, which were worried about the natural environment conditions. After a while, specifically these developments International Standard Organization used for modern ISO 14000 that was published in 1996.
The complex of ISO 14000 standards is aimed to provide instructions for companies or organizations, regardless on their sphere of activity and size, in the matter of responsibility for natural environment. ISO 14001:2015 and his supporting standard ISO 14006:2011 based on ecological aspects of management system. Other standards from complex of ISO 14000 focus on such elements as audit, communications, labeling, lifecycle analysis of natural environment and its structure, and ecological problems (for example, climate mitigations, greenhouse gas emissions). Technical committee of ISO developed this complex of standards ISO 14000.
First, it is important to know, that ISO 14001 determines certain criteria for ecological management system, which can allow company to develop its own effective ecological system. ISO 14001 standardization is a voluntary like other standards of ISO. In addition, ISO 14001 has certain special aspects of harmonious management system and is suitable for all companies of small or large risks, for companies that produce items, provide services, for public organizations and for huge transnational companies. Standard ISO 14001 adheres the method sustainable improvement, but his requirements differ from the same ones of quality management system. This ISO 14001 method on sustainable improvement is divided into three directions: development (expanding the spheres of activity related with ecological management system), saturation (unstoppable increasing of produced items volume and quantity of resources) and improvement (organizational structure improvement and development of own methods to solve problems). Thus, ISO14001 method of sustainable improvement means strategic approach to solve problems of ecology and research of innovative decisions for environment protection.
In Ukraine, was designed and integrated into national legislation standard ISO 14001:2015. DSTU ISO 14001:2015 «Ecological management systems. Requirements and attitudes for implementation» was approved in 21th of December 2015, and from 1 July comes into legal force.
As noted above, ISO 14001:2015 certification is a voluntary process, but Ukrainian control system for certification foresees obligatory certification for specific objects, such as:
- Articles or products which are hazardous for natural environment including substances that can destroy ozone screen;
- Technologies which can be ecologically hazardous during their usage at research and laboratory centers;
- Transboundary movement of hazardous wastes;
- Trade of some forms of flora and fauna that are under danger of extinction and that are under protection of Convention on international trade of flora and fauna forms.
The specialists of MCL, LLC guarantees you impassivity and independence of evaluation during certification of your ecological management system. At first, for successful implementation of ecological management system, the specialists of MCL, LLC proposes to you their professional knowledge, skills and long period experience in the sphere of ecology and, of course, in the ISO certification.
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